First gazetted as a game reserve in 1926, Murchison Falls is Uganda’s largest and oldest conservation area and is a combination of grasslands, wooded savannah, tropical forests, wetlands, and open water covering approximately 39,000 hectares at an altitude of more than 600 m. The park is home to 109 species of mammals including; hippopotamus, antelope, giraffes, hartebeest, oribi and Uganda kob.
The park supports four of the “Big Five” with only rhino being absent. Buffalo and elephant are particularly common while out on game drive. The abundant herds of Uganda kob sustain a very healthy population of lion. Hyena are present, but rare, and zebra are no longer in the area. The Victoria Nile is a magnet for wildlife and teems with crocodile and hippo. Chimpanzees can be tracked in neighboring Budongo Forest Reserve and large herds of the localized Rothschild’s giraffe are found in the park. The rare Patas monkey can sometimes be spotted on the grassy plains.