The southern two thirds of the Park are ecologically defined by deep Kalahari sands, which support impressive forests of Zambezi teak and other hardwoods. Scattered within these woodlands are ancient fossil lake beds and drainage lines, which are now large savannah grasslands fringed with acacia and leadwood trees. The mix of open grasslands and woodlands provides the perfect mosaic of habitats for the full spectrum of both grazing and browsing herbivores resident in Hwange and then of course the carnivores that prey on them – lion, leopard, wild dog and both species of hyena – spotted and the seldom seen brown.  During the wet season months from December through March, the ancient lake systems still fill with water; and the open grasslands are flooded, attracting migratory birds from all over Eurasia and Africa.

The far south of the park is extremely remote and remains a mostly untouched African safari destination. Game drives in this area require a little more patience, however, the opportunity to explore explore the fossil sand dunes and ancient elephant trails more than make up for it.